Here I am holding is a 25 pound Wootz ingot...one of the largest in the world. It will be forged into several swords.

Removing a crucible from the furnace.

Raw material for a meteorite melt. Crucible, glass flux,meteorite,iron/carbon to alloy (in the plastic container).

Once the ingot is made and cooled I forge the mass of metal out into either a bar from which a blade is made, as with wootz or a bar which will be welded to another bar for what is called pattern-welded steel (damascus)

Removing hot crucible from furnace and then it is set to cool.

NOTE: This was a photo for “effect” so I did not wear safety gear..that crucible is about 2900F and is soft and holding in liquid steel and glass.

Not safe, but I liked the look.

Cooled Ingot..in this case it is meteorite steel, but it could be many other chemistries depending upon what I am making.

Making steel

Forge weld under the 3B Nazel Power hammer

Blister and Shear steel videos (parts one and two are below)

Below are two videos on how I make blister and shear steel. I had the pleasure of having a guest smith, Robert Rossduetscher, http://www.rnrknives.com/ stop in and I walked him through making some traditional steel for his reproduction knives. This is the same instruction I give in my classes.

I did my first blister steel run better than 15 years ago...1995 or so.


--At Quad State for the Southern Ohio Forge and Anvil group in 2003 I did a demonstration of three steel making technologies:

Blister/Shear steel, Orishigane (in the method of Louis Mills and is how the Japanese smiths increase the carbon in low carbon steel for swords) and Crucible steel

--I did a similar demonstration of making blister steel, refining it into shear and then forging and heat treating a knife at Larry Harley's hammer-in in 2006. The knife made during that demo was auctioned off and went to a Chef.


Check the class schedule for shear steel class listings.


I will produce a much more in depth video on this for sale soon as well as complete “How-To” videos on bloomery iron and steel, crucible steel and wootz steel making.